Table de vibrationTable de vibration

Vibrations test

Packaging transport vibration tests: Ensuring compliance and product protection

During transportation and distribution, shipping packaging is inevitably subjected to vibrations. Vibration tests are essential to verify the packaging's resistance to these stresses. They also offer the opportunity to compare different packaging solutions, either qualitatively through a standard test or quantitatively by instrumenting the test. The packaging design plays a crucial role, as it can amplify or attenuate the experienced movements.

Standards and compliance for vibration tests on packaging

We have vibration testing capabilities compliant with international standards: ASTM D4728, D4169, ISTA, ISO 13355, ISO 4180, NF H00-060. These standards ensure that our tests meet the quality and safety standards required in the packaging industry.

Low-frequency vibration tests for packaging: Simulation and analysis

In the laboratory, low-frequency vibration tests are performed on a mechanical vibrating table. This method replicates the most impactful frequencies during transport. However, low-frequency vibration systems only recreate a portion of the real transport vibration spectrum, making random vibration tests essential for a comprehensive evaluation.

Random vibration tests for a comprehensive packaging evaluation

Road, rail, and air transports generate random vibrations, a complex mix of constantly changing frequencies and amplitudes. Random vibration tests, conducted using advanced electrodynamic equipment, simulate transport conditions more realistically. These tests are crucial for assessing the durability and effectiveness of packaging solutions under real transport conditions.

Table de vibration
Table de vibration

FAQ on Transport Packaging Vibration Tests

Vibration tests are crucial for assessing the packaging's resistance to the vibrational stresses encountered during transport. They ensure that the packaging can effectively protect the product against vibrations experienced during distribution and transportation.

The vibrations can cause significant damage to products during transportation. Vibration testing is essential to simulate these transport conditions and determine the resistance of products and packaging to vibrations. The main purpose of this test is to simulate the effects of vibrations during transportation in an accelerated manner.

How Vibration Testing Works

To perform this test, a crate (or a stack of crates, or even a pallet full of crates) containing a normal or simulated product is placed on a special vibrating table. This table generates controlled vibrations that mimic those the product could encounter during transportation.

Vibration testing allows for the evaluation of several parameters, including:

1. Potential damage caused by vibrations during transportation. 
2. Effectiveness of interior cushioning and cushioning materials. 
3. Sturdiness of the crates and closures.

Required Equipment

The equipment needed to conduct vibration testing is highly specialized and often expensive. It includes:

1. Vibrating Tables: They are designed to produce controlled vibrations and can be programmed to generate different frequencies and amplitudes of vibrations. Some vibrating tables can simulate different types of vibrations, such as sinusoidal, random, or mechanical shocks.

2. Accelerometers: These sensors are used to measure the intensity of vibrations. They are typically attached to the crate to measure the exact vibrations experienced by the product.

3. Vibration Analyzer: This equipment analyzes the data provided by the accelerometers to determine the frequency, amplitude, and direction of vibrations.

4. Vibration Testing Software: It is used to control the vibrating table, collect data from accelerometers, and analyze the results.

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