Forklifts are essential machines in the fields of logistics, construction, and industry. They facilitate the transport and handling of heavy loads, thus optimizing productivity and safety in the workplace. It is a handling vehicle used for the transfer of loads in factories or storage halls. They are mainly used for the handling of finished products from the production lines to the storage areas, as well as for loading or unloading means of transport (trains, ships or trucks) at docks.
Types of Forklifts
There are several types of forklifts, classified according to their power source, lifting capacity, and intended use. The main categories are:
a. Electric forklifts: powered by batteries, they are environmentally friendly and emit little noise.
b. Internal combustion forklifts: using gasoline, diesel, or LPG engines, they offer greater lifting capacity and autonomy.
c. Reach forklifts: adapted for confined spaces, their mast retracts vertically to allow for better maneuverability.
d. All-terrain forklifts: designed for difficult terrain, they have wide tires and adapted suspension for better traction.
Features of Forklifts
Forklifts are equipped with several key features, such as:
a. Mast: the vertical structure that allows for lifting and lowering of loads.
b. Forks: the horizontal arms that slide under pallets to lift them.
c. Stabilizers: counterweights or hydraulic stabilizers that ensure the balance of the forklift when lifting loads.
d. Cab: the operator's working space, usually equipped with a seat, a steering wheel, and controls for driving and maneuvering the forklift.
Operation of a Forklift
The operation of a forklift involves several steps:
a. Driving: the operator uses the steering wheel to steer the forklift and pedals to accelerate or brake.
b. Lifting and lowering: the operator uses hydraulic controls to operate the mast and forks, thus allowing for lifting and lowering of loads.
c. Tilting: the tilting function allows for adjusting the angle of the mast to stabilize the load and facilitate its transport.
d. Maneuvering: thanks to their compact design and tight turning radius, forklifts can easily navigate in confined spaces.